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Organic Molecule Project

by Brayden Pope

Pages 2 and 3 of 6

Organic Molecules
Brayden Pope Pd 5
4 Major Organic Molecules
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleotides
Organic molecules are any molecules that contain carbon and hydrogen
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Carbohydrates
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Monomer
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Elements involved
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
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Function
Primarily source of energy
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Polymer
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OH= Oxygen and Hydrogen
C= Carbon
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Lipids
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Elements
Carbon Oxygen Hydrogen
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Glycerol and fatty acids are 2 types of Lipid monomers
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Glycerol
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Example of lipids
Steroids
Fats
Oils
Phospholipids
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Lipids store the energy for long time
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Fatty acids
Proteins
Monomer
Element Involved
Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen Nitrogen
Examples of protein polymers
All meats
Function
Make up your cells. Enzymes are proteins
H= Hydrogen
O= Oxygen
C= Carbon
N= Nirtogen
Nucleic Acids
Elements Involved
carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen phosphorus
4 Different Nucleic Acid Monomers
adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T).
Function of Nucleic Acids
To store and express genetic information
Monomer
O=Oxygen
C=Carbon
H=Hydrogen
P=Phosphorus
Dehydration Synthesis and Hydrolysis
Difference between monomer and polymers
Monomers are small molecule and Polymers are larger molecule
Chemical reaction that forms polymers
The chemical reaction that forms polymers is polymerization.
Chemical reaction that breaks apart polymers into monomers
The chemical reaction that breaks polymers into monomers is hydrolysis reactions

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