The first group of settlers to come to Massachusetts were the Pilgrims who arrived in Plymouth in 1620. They wanted to leave the Church of England. Another group of puritans arrived looking for religious freedom.by John Winthrop, formed the Massachusetts Bay Colony. By 1630 they were able to practice their religion freely!
“The economy of Massachusetts Bay”
Massachusetts had a strong economy with many jobs. Colonists grew crops and raised animals on small farms. Men cut lumber from trees to build houses and trading ships. Many colonists also worked as fishermen and whalers.
Massachusetts Bay: England Colony
“The geography of Massachusetts Bay “
The soil was rocky, and winters could be harsh, but there were also vast forests and clean water. The cold winters killed a lot of insects and germs that caused disease, these winters kept Puritans safe and healthy, leaving them with a nice long life.
“Massachusetts Bays government “
Massachusetts has a more democratic government than most countries in Europe. At first, only Puritan men could vote, but as time passed, all men who owned land could vote.
“ why was this colony founded?”
From its start, Rhode Island offered people religious freedom. In 1631, a young minister named Roger Williams began to criticize the Puritan leaders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He thought that government and religion should be separate. Because of this, the leaders forced him to leave in 1635.
“Rhode Islands Economy “
Many Rhode Island colonists were farmers who raised livestock and grew corn, apples, onions, and many other crops on small farms. Other colonists worked as traders, ships carried rum, flax and wool. Keeping their economy strong and running well.
“Rhode Islands geography “
Rhode Island's geography helped colonists build a strong economy. Narragansett Bay and local rivers provided fish and routes for travel and trade. Men often captured animals to trade their woolly and fluffy fur for other materials.
“Rhode Island’s government”
At first, most men could vote for the colony's governor and local officials. Later on, only men who owned property could vote. They also didn’t have to practice a certain religion!