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the diary of a young girl

by vineet khangwal

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ABOUT THE BOOK
Rounded Rectangle
BOOK NAME - THE DIARY OF A YOUNG GIRL


AUTHOR NAME - ANNE FRANK


PUBLISHER NAME - OTTO FRANK


FIRST PUBLISHED - 1947 [ IN DUTCH LANGUAGE ]


SECOND PUBLISHED - 1952 [ IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE ]


SETTING - AMSTERDAM and HOLLAND
Anne Frank, in full Annelies Marie Frank, (born June 12, 1929, FRANKFURT, Germanyโ€”died February/March 1945, Bergen-Belsen CONCENTRATION CAMPS, near Hannover), Jewish girl whose diary of her familyโ€™s two years in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands became a classic of war literature.
Early in the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler, Anneโ€™s father, Otto frank (1889โ€“1980), a German businessman, took his wife and two daughters to live in AMSTERDAM. In 1941, after German forces occupied the Netherlands, Anne was compelled to transfer from a public school to a Jewish one. On June 12, 1942, she received a red-and-white plaid diary for her 13th birthday. That day she began writing in the book: โ€œI hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as I have never been able to confide in anyone, and I hope you will be a great source of comfort and support.โ€
Though her writings survived, Anne died of typhus fever at the age of 15. For decades, historians listed the date of her death as occurring on March 31, 1945 โ€” a mere two weeks before the Bergen-Belsen camp was liberated by the American forces
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Anne Frank, in full Annelies Marie Frank, (born June 12, 1929, FRANKFURT, Germanyโ€”died February/March 1945, Bergen-Belsen CONCENTRATION CAMPS, near Hannover), Jewish girl whose diary of her familyโ€™s two years in hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands became a classic of war literature.
Early in the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler, Anneโ€™s father, Otto frank (1889โ€“1980), a German businessman, took his wife and two daughters to live in AMSTERDAM. In 1941, after German forces occupied the Netherlands, Anne was compelled to transfer from a public school to a Jewish one. On June 12, 1942, she received a red-and-white plaid diary for her 13th birthday. That day she began writing in the book: โ€œI hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as I have never been able to confide in anyone, and I hope you will be a great source of comfort and support.โ€
Though her writings survived, Anne died of typhus fever at the age of 15. For decades, historians listed the date of her death as occurring on March 31, 1945 โ€” a mere two weeks before the Bergen-Belsen camp was liberated by the American forces
SUMMARY
ANNE FRANK Diary of a Young Girl provides a view of a small group of German Jews in Amsterdam during that time, living in hiding in an attempt to escape the genocide perpetrated by the German Nazi party and its allies in Holland. This book's historical and psychological importance is immeasurable; it provides a detailed account of the strategies the Frank family and their friends employed while trying to evade capture by Nazi authorities and it gives a human face to the incomprehensible horror of the Holocaust. However, its value does not end there. Just as its title states, ANNE FRANK's book is the diary of a young girl. Many of the struggles Anne describes are faced by every teenager, though they are significantly more difficult and poignant in her extraordinary circumstances. Anne's diary ends before her own direct experience of the concentration camps, so she gives her readers only an indirect picture of that period's specific terrors.
By contrast, her account of the difficulties and frustrations involved in her painful transition from a child of thirteen to a fifteen-year-old young woman of surprising wisdom and self-confidence is often shockingly immediate and candid. Written as a series of letters to an imaginary friend, Anne's diary expresses her profound longing for affection and understanding as she wrestles with her changing self-image, sexual curiosity, religious belief, intellectual goals, and, above all, the need to define herself as a person independent of her parents despite being unnaturally constrained to be near them.
1942
The Diary of a Young Girl opens on June 12, 1942. It is Anne's thirteenth birthday and she writes of her hopes that she will be able to confide everything to her diary. .
She says that she has never been able to confide in anyone before and that it will be a great source of comfort to her. Two days later, she begins her diary in earnest with a description of her birthday. After that, she describes each of her classmates and talks about all the boys who have crushes on her.

On May 1940, the Germans invaded and occupied the Netherlands, and immediately instituted a number of anti-Semitic laws. In July 1942, Margot received a call-up notice requiring her to report for deportation to a work camp in Germany. Otto immediately rushed his family to the hiding place he had been preparing. Shortly thereafter, they were joined by Otto's business partner Hermann van Pels (called van Daan in the diary), also from Germany, his wife Auguste (Petronella in the diary), and son Peter. Later, they agree to take in Fritz Pfeffer (Albert Dussel in the diary), a German dentist who had also fled to Amsterdam.
Germans discovered the Secret Annex on August 4, 1944, and the group was transported to Auschwitz, a concentration camps In October, Anne and Margot were transferred to Bergen-Belsen. Both of them died sometime between February and March 1945. British troops liberated the camp one month later.
943
Tensions among the Annex tenants continue. Everyone follows the war news on the radio as well as reports of Gandhi's struggle for Indian independence. The Nazi administration tries to hinder black market traders (from whom the Annex tenants get most of their supplies) and Jews in hiding by declaring thousand-guilder bills invalid. Otto tells Dussel to stop writing letters to Charlotte, his Christian girlfriend, and others, as they might endanger their hiding place. Peter hears a noise downstairs in the warehouse one night, and no one can sleep for fear of a burglary that might lead to police involvement and the discovery of their hiding place.
MY OPINION
There are many important messages in this book, but the most important message is that all people have the right to live in freedom. Anneโ€™s story shows us that just because people may be a different religion or race, doesnโ€™t mean that they should be treated differently. The terrible treatment of Jewish people during the war has shown this. Her diary shows us things that people donโ€™t think about now, for example how every day the people in hiding worried about maybe being found and punished.

I liked that Anne was a really happy and cheerful person even though she and her family were in an awful situation. Anne enjoyed writing and describing others. She was talkative and inquisitive and could be selfish. She was a typical teenage girl and she didnโ€™t always understand how difficult life was for her mother and the other adults around her. She commented on the people who shared their hiding space. Sometimes this wasnโ€™t very nice, but it shows how everybodyโ€™s life was challenging because they had to be quiet and not bring attention to themselves.

RECOMMENDATION: I would recommend this book to anyone who has an interest in reading historical, war or mystery books as it is so interesting.
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