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by Maksymilian Kucharski i Aleksander Dziwis


The wonders of Varna
Varna Cathedral
 Varna Cathedral is one of the symbols of the city. Its construction lasted 6 years (1882-1886) and the first stone in the construction of the temple was laid by Prince Alexander I Battenberg in 1880. The chosen name, "The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin", was in memory of Empress Maria Alexandrovna, a Bulgarian benefactor and aunt of the prince .
Тhe construction used mainly local materials: preserved cut stones from the destroyed fortress wall of the ancient city Odessos. The inner columns are made of solid stone and the outer columns below the windows are made of Rousse stone. The copper sheets for the roof and the cubes are shipped from England.
The temple was erected in 1885. In September the roof was completed and on 30 August 1886 the first liturgy was held.
The complete painting of the temple began after 1949, under the direction of Nikolay Rostovtsev, who donated the murals. The chandeliers, mounted in 1952, are made by the carver Peter Kushlev and in the 60s of the twentieth century the stained-glass windows were made.
  The church is 35 x 35 m in size. In 1941-1943 the bell tower/38 m high/ and the domes were built. Thus, the church becomes the second highest in the country after the Patriarchal Church of ,,St.Alexander Nevsky’’ in Sofia .
Located in the very center of Varna, today the Cathedral of the Assumption is one of the most famous buildings in the city. A temple of worship for the Varna people, and at the same time a landmark in the routes of tourists, the cathedral has become one of the symbols of Varna
The Solar Clock
1. What is it?
The Solar clock at the entrance of the sea garden in Varna is a clock in the form of a flying swan, which is the symbol of the sun, frequency, wisdom and generosity. The clock measures the time of change and rotation of the shadow length, which is done with the help of the Sun rays. Around it is a flower garden.
2. Why it became a symbol of the city?
The Solar Clock has become a symbol of the city 40 years ago. Its creator is Ivan Kovachev. The clock has  replaced Stalin's statue in the beginning of the Sea Garden, it has a characteristic shape, and location suitable for meetings and walks.
3. How do we honor it today and why it is important to us?
Some people visit it often, others are walking around it, third are taking pictures with it. It is important to us.
4. Personal memories.
I and my family often visit it and take pictures with it.
The history of the theatre, currently known as the Varna Opera Theater, dates back to 1912 when the foundation was laid for the theatre. Its creation was temporarily delayed due to the coming Balkan Wars.After the wars ended, the theatre was inaugurated in 1932. It was registered under the title of the Varna Public Opera House on April 6, 1947 and was officially opened on August 1 of the same year. Stefan Nikolaev was appointed as the theatre's first director and Peter Raichev, a distinguished Bulgarian singer, was invited to be the first art director.
An orchestra, a choir and a ballet group were formed under the leadership of the young conductor Raichev, the choir-master Dimiter Mladenov and the choreographer Assen Manolov. Aside from the theatre's usual participation in opera productions and children's music shows, the corps de ballet stages ballet productions. The Varna Opera Corps de ballet has had many tours in Greece, India, Egypt, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Romania.
Maksymilian Kucharski i Aleksander Dziwis

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