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by Mr Bell
Pages 4 and 5 of 35
Physical Environments 4
Within the context of the United Kingdom:
1.The effect of latitude, relief, aspect and distance from sea on local weather conditions
2.The characteristics of the five main air masses affecting the UK
3.The characteristics of weather associated with depressions and anticyclones
1. The effect of latitude, relief, aspect and distance from sea on local weather conditions
1.Places in the South are warmer because they are nearer the Equator.
2.Places in the North are less warm because the sun’s rays are less concentrated further away from the equator.
3. It’s colder further North because there is more atmosphere for the sun’s rays to pass through.
Distance from the Sea
4. The West coast is warmer in the winter because of the North Atlantic Drift / Gulf Stream.
5. Places closer to the sea have milder winters and cooler summers because the sea heats up slowly in summer and cool slowly in winter.
6. The higher up in altitude the colder it gets.
7. It get cooler by approx. 1⁰C for every 100 metres in height.
8. Wind speeds increase with altitude which can affect temperature.
9. In the northern hemisphere south facing slopes can be warmer because they face the sun.
Look at Diagram.
the factors which affect average temperatures in the UK.
Diagram: Average annual UK temperatures
2. The characteristics of the five main air masses affecting the UK