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Urban: Brazil N5
by Mr Bell
Human Environments 4
URBAN - BRAZIL
Within the context of Developing Countries:
In the context of urban areas:
1.recent developments which deal with issues in shanty towns in developing world cities
Location: Rocinha - Rio de Janeiro
Rio is Brazil’s second largest city.
It is located on the south east coast.
Approximately one fifth (20%) of the 6.3 million population live in shanty towns.
The biggest shanty town in Rio is Rocinha
Favelas are found on the outskirts of the city often on hillsides as the land is not in demand as it is difficult to build on.
Rochina is a favela housing more than 100,000 people in Rio.
Rio’s Shanty Town problems
Rapid growth leads to
1.Inadequate housing and services. 20% live in Shanty towns.
2.Shanty town services are non-existent leading to a low standard of living.
3.Shortage of affordable formal housing.
4.Shanty towns form on inappropriate land, e.g. liable to flooding.
5.Collapsing infrastructure, roads, sewerage etc.
6.Increasing levels of pollution.
7.Increased volume of traffic on poor roads.
8.Lack of employment increases the informal sector.
9. Crime, as many areas are controlled by local drug cartels.
Problems in Rio Shanty Towns
Housing in Rochina
– overcrowding & unstable buildings
- Open sewers and sewage contaminating drinking water supply.
– Drug cartels & poverty breeds violent crime
–open sewers and lack of rubbish collection facilities
– people work in the informal sector due to a lack of jobs